Did you know that in your feet you have thirty-eight, joints and two hundred and twenty two different ligaments? Did you also know that the American Podiatric Medical Association has estimated that the average person takes 8,000 to 10,000 steps every day? Which adds up to around comes to about 115,000 miles in a life- translating to four times the circumference of the world? This illustrates just how important to our day to day lives our feet are and why we need to look after them! One way to look after your feet is to wear Orthotic insoles!

Why does wearing orthotics matter?
Foot care plays a considerable role in preventing foot issues. Individuals who encounter hot spots pains, blisters or distress after standing or walking for prolonged periods might want to think about buying a pair of insoles. An insole is a layer at a shoe that delivers comfort and support when walking or running.

What type of orthotics should you buy?
Stock insoles in shoes and work boots are typically just fillers and were never meant to support your feet, whilst orthotic insoles have been specially designed to help look after your feet! Orthotics are proven to be useful in preventing a wide range of injuries and are the most recommended methods by podiatrists for treating conditions like flat feet, plantar fasciitis, foot irritation, and the infamous Achilles tendinitis. Adding an insole over time help to deal with these conditions because of support and heel stabilisation and add by better supporting your feet.

Common footwear issues problems solved with orthotics
-Foot elongation: If one or both feet is considerably elongated when standing instead of sitting, a supporting insole is required to decrease the elongation under pressure posture positions. This cuts the requirement to buy larger shoes by producing a much better match.
-Heel slippage: A shoe that fits at the forefront as well as the center but doesn’t fit at the heel causing the heel to slip around. This problem can be made better by wearing a supporting, mid-to-high-volume orthotic. Mid-high-volume orthotics help reduce the surplus volume in the back to guarantee the heel is hardened, helping to minimize heel slippage and avoid hot spots or blisters.
-Low or collapsed arches: Contrary to popular belief, individuals who have low or collapsed arches don’t need arch support insoles. What they need is foot support orthotics that engage, strengthen stimulate muscles in the arch. The trick is to search for an insole that distributes and concentrates pressure instead of concentrating it.
There are a couple things you ought to bear in mind before purchasing a new pair of orthotics:
-Type of foot arch: The arch of your foot will either be one of three different types: 1) Neutral arch, 2) low arches and flat feet, and 3) high arches. Every insole is intended to either treat one of these types of arches. When browsing you should first find out exactly what type of arch you have (more about that below), and what are the best type of insoles to suit your arch type. Wearing an insole which isn’t intended for your arch kind will probably be painful!
-Insole Sizing: Insoles come in a wide range of different shoe sizes. Some insoles can be trimmed to fit before usage; the insole is made to be cut using guide printed onto the insole by the customer to suit his or her needs. Insoles that are 3/4-length are not intended to be trimmed at all. If you’re between sizes (you wear a size 9.5 if the insoles are sized “6-9” and “9-10”), then you must purchase the next size up.
-Insole Placement: Almost all insoles are intended to be used as replacements to the insole you are wearing and should not be placed on top of another pair. However if you buy a 3/4-length insole, you may place this insole on top of your current insole. This is because unlike full length insoles these insoles are supposed to be worn together with your current shoe insoles.
-Type of footbed used: Generally speaking, arch supports and insoles possess among four different footbed structures: 1) rigid orthotic arch support, 2) Semi-rigid orthotic arch support, 3) flexible arch support, and 4) no Expand support/flat cushion. The type of Footbed that you need is going to be heavily determined by the level of comfort or support that you want. The more rigid the footbed the more support that you will get but the less comfortable the insoles will be to wear.
-Type of fabric the insole is made from: Their are four different types of materials that insole are made from, these are cork, foam, gel, and leather with each having their own advantages. In general foam works best for Cushioning, support, and pressure relief; gel works for shock absorption; cork works for minor support and cushioning whilst leather works nicely for cushion and feel (particularly when worn with thin socks).
Before picking an insole you will want to identify any conditions and your foot type you might have as this may have a impact impact on the way an insole will function. There are various videos that you can check out online that will help you figure out what type of insole is best for you if you are not certain of which to buy.

Pronation is a natural part of the gait cycle and is used to help your foot adapt to irregular terrain when walking. Pronation occurs when foot strikes the floor and rolls inwards through the motion. Excessive pronation is the most common biomechanical imbalance that contributes to foot and lower limb pain and injury.

Over Pronation
Over-pronation is a term used to refer to the abnormal movement of the foot when it rolls too much towards the midline of the body. Unusual pronation is among the most typical biomechanical causes of pain in the foot. When the foot over pronates excessive load is placed upon the ligaments, joints, tendons, and joints of the foot causing them to become strained. It’s this subtle repetitive stress put on the joints, ligaments and tendons which, over time, causes injuries which may best be explained as overuse injuries.

Supination is the rolling of the foot into the exterior during ordinary Walking or running movements. The term is utilized in connection with Over-supination, meaning that the foot’s arch weight is put on the exterior of their foot. If you’re a “supinator,” you are at greater risk of developing injuries such as plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendinitis due to the increased load on your foot.

If you have excessive pronation then it is recommended to buy a pair of insoles that realign the feet and control the foots function and motion to correct your excessive pronation. Here at BleachBlack we have a range of insoles that will help to do this.

Different types of insoles available:
-Comfort insoles are usually made of soft polyurethane, glycerin or gel and aid in cushioning and shock absorption. Individuals who experience aching or pain from extensive amounts of walking or standing may consider comfort insoles the best option.
-Stability insoles are usually made of harder foam and are employed for adding support and stability to your shoe. The stability as opposed to the cushioning enhances comfort. These kinds of insoles are especially beneficial in conditions like over pronation, plantar fasciitis, splayed feet and perhaps even structural misalignment
-Custom orthotics are created to deal with particular chronic foot issues that cannot be solved by relaxation or encourage insoles. This entails asking a therapist to get a custom made insole.
-Arch support insoles are designed to stabilize the foot and decrease this arch’s movement. These insoles feature a heel cup that assists in aligning the heel bone and also positioning the heels to the most natural position. Another advantage of the insoles is they’re made to decrease the elongation of arches. Both arch motion and bone misalignment can result in over pronation, and therefore insoles that are structured in this way can help to take strain off your feet and improve the level of comfort in your running shoes.
-Plantar fasciitis insoles are specially designed to help ease plantar fasciitis. They do this by providing arch support to the plantar fascia taking off strain of the ligament and allowing it to heal.
-Shock absorbing insoles and are made to alleviate stress and supply shock absorption, and is usually equipped using the cushioning pads across the insole. Due to the fact that these types of insoles focus is on comfort and shock relief these insoles are often thicker than other kinds of insoles and usually do not offer much in the way of support to your feet.
These are among the most bought types of insoles around because they are cheap and offer instant comfort to your feet. Even if they are not always best for your feet in the long term.
-Sport insoles are designed for casual and athletic footwear, these insoles feature an anti-microbial coat a heel cup, a stabilizer cap plus a contour for performance.
Sport insoles as such are appropriate for those who have flat feet and are slimmer in bulk in comparison to other kinds of insoles. Since they occupy a limited amount of space at the footwear sport insoles are great for many kinds of volume footwear.
-Gel insoles are great for those that endure long periods of standing. These insoles are built with silicone gel that supports and protects the foot from shock. Some types of gel insoles come with a odour eating layer that eliminates odour formed from foot perspiration.

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